The Modern Family Court Judge: Knowledge, Qualities, and Skills for Success, originally published by the Honoring Families Initiative in October 2014, has been republished in the April 2015 edition of Family Court Review. The paper focuses on the broad spectrum of legal and non-legal issues family court judges deal with and what judges need in order to be successful.
The Alaska Supreme Court has issued an Order establishing an informal trial for divorce, property division, parenting agreements, and child support cases. The informal trial process is voluntary. If both parties to a case consent to an informal trial, they will speak directly to the judge and the Rules of Evidence will be relaxed.
The National Center for Access to Justice (NCAJ) launched the Justice Index just over a year ago. This first-of-its-kind Index provides a spectrum of data that compares states in regards to access to justice across several categories. Recently, the NCAJ announced the second phase of the Justice Index, which will implement a new tool to “expand and update public understanding of how state justice systems are serving the millions of litigants each year who cannot afford a lawyer.”
The Women’s Legal Centre ACT (Australian Capital Territory), in the Australian capital of Canberra, has opened a divorce clinic for women from diverse cultural backgrounds. The clinic provides free legal advice and representation to women in troubled marriages who may encounter issues navigating the Australian legal system.
The ABA Section of Dispute Resolution has awarded IAALS and the Resource Center for Separating and Divorcing Families the 2015 Lawyer as Problem Solver Award. This honor is bestowed upon individuals and organizations that employ their problem-solving skills to forge creative solutions.
In a recent article, Professor Clare Huntington argues for family law reforms that address the “seismic shift” occurring in American families. Today, more and more children are born to unmarried parents. To date, the legal system has not been responsive in adapting to this shift and fostering more beneficial co-parenting partnerships.
Minnesota legislators are proposing an alternative to traditional divorce proceedings—the Cooperative Private Divorce. The bill aims to allow couples to form divorce agreements without filing with the court or needing a judge’s sign-off. The reform will not replace the current, court-administered divorce system, but adds another option for families to consider.
New York has set its sights on access to justice and alleviating some of the issues that low-income litigants face needing help from justice system. In his annual State of the Judiciary address on February 17, New York Chief Judge Jonathan Lippman put forth a number of innovative methods for making the state’s judiciary more equitable and accessible.
Divorce can put families through a long and difficult process of litigation—but does it have to? At its core, the collaborative divorce process occurs outside of court and seeks to resolve issues in a more respectful and dignified setting. According to a recent article, an increasing number of divorcing spouses are turning to this option, and the ABA Journal recently profiled IAALS’ out-of-court approach.
Since opening in September 2013, the University of Denver’s Resource Center for Separating and Divorcing Families has served as an invaluable resource not only for participating families, but also for the graduate students who have an opportunity to work within their field and gain experience. In January’s Family Court Review, students and supervisors share their perspectives on the experience.
In its effort to highlight the paradigm shift in how law is being practiced, the ABA Journal recently reported on the IAALS model for a less adversarial, out-of-court divorce process and the first implementation of this model at the University of Denver. While a comprehensive, three-year evaluation of the Resource Center for Separating and Divorcing Families is underway by IAALS, anecdotes from families who have proceeded through the process show that it is succeeding.
Iowa Supreme Court Chief Justice Mark S. Cady announced in his 2015 State of the Judiciary speech the creation of a task force “to make recommendations for greater consistency, efficiency, and transparency in the resolution of family law cases.” According to Chief Justice Cady, “[t]hese cases are a big portion of our workload, and now is the time to make sure Iowa’s court system provides the best possible practices and outcomes for families who need our courts during difficult times.”
The National Center for State Courts recently released a screening tool for divorce cases to help courts “meaningfully differentiate cases.” The tool is designed to identify families who are largely in agreement on the issues in their case and need minimal or no court assistance. The tool is not a one-size-fits-all instrument, and jurisdictions around the country can adapt it to their particular circumstances.
The institution of marriage in the United States is stronger today than it has been for quite some time—or is it? Recent articles from The New York Times and The Week debate the issue and reach different conclusions. The NYT points to many reasons for the drop in divorce, while The Week argues the data is flawed and the state of marriage is not quite so positive.
Idaho has released a report evaluating its Informal Custody Trial (ICT) program. The ICT allows litigants in child custody cases to suspend the rules of evidence and the normal question-and-answer format of trial, waive the rules of discovery, and directly present their case, issues, and concerns to the court. The report had many encouraging statistics, but more evaluation may be needed to determine whether the program is successfully helping families.
New research out of the United Kingdom suggests that instead of facing the family court system without legal counsel, families are choosing to forgo the courts altogether. This problem is not novel to the UK, and self-represented litigants are on the rise in the United States as well. Our Cases Without Counsel project is conducting first-of-its-kind national research in the hopes of better understanding how the legal system can meet the needs of these families.
A family court in New York City recently allowed a father to serve his ex-wife with notice of a child support action via Facebook. The father first attempted to find and contact the mother through all of the traditional means, to no avail. The magistrate allowed the nontraditional service and noted that it was most likely the first of its kind in the country—when both parties are in the United States.
Family court judges make significant decisions affecting our nation’s families, yet these judges are often undervalued—even by their peers on the bench. And, there is insufficient acknowledgement of the broad expertise required to do the job well. A new IAALS publication aims to change this by drawing attention to the special knowledge, qualities, and skills that these judges need to be successful—and hopefully reprioritizing and revaluing their role in the legal system.
Courts in many countries have been striving to provide various services to help facilitate the increasing number of self-represented litigants who need their services—especially in family law cases. In Ontario, Canada, the National Self-Represented Litigants Project recently published An Open Letter to the Canadian Judiciary, meant to encourage a dialogue between self-represented litigants (SRLs) and judges, who may struggle at times to effectively assist SRLs in their courtrooms.
A Netherlands company is headed to New York to establish a “divorce hotel.” Couples with uncomplicated divorces can spend a weekend at the hotel to work through the process quickly with mediators and independent lawyers, with the goal of emerging with documentation that a judge can make final. The idea of alternatives to the traditional divorce process are not new in the United States, and continue to expand.
A recent article in The New York Times argues that divorced and never-married parents have, in a sense, lost their right to choose how they want to parent. While married parents get a level of discretion from the legal system, “[j]udges routinely decide where the children of divorced parents will attend school, worship and receive medical care.” Why the difference in treatment between married parents and those who are divorcing or separating?
A recent ABA survey report found that self-help legal centers around the nation “are a vibrant and effective resource” to those they serve. Receiving responses from nearly half of those surveyed, the ABA found that self-help legal centers now serve approximately 3.7 million people each year and mostly provide legal service in the area of family law, including child support, domestic violence, and guardianships.
There have been a few new resources made available for separating or divorcing families in the United Kingdom, including a website that provides information for families, a collection of legal expertise and advice in legal areas, and a guide for parents who wish to separate cooperatively.
One year ago, the Resource Center for Separating and Divorcing Families opened its doors at the University of Denver to serve families in metro area. Based on an interdisciplinary out-of-court model developed by the Honoring Families Initiative, the RCSDF is operating at full-force today, helping numerous parents transition in a positive and constructive manner that better serves them and their children.